MBBS, Engineering/Popular Science मात्र नपढौँ

केहि महिनामा SLC परीक्षा सकिनेछ। त्यसपछि ‌+२/ISc। लाखौँ विद्यार्थीहरु भविष्यको मीठो सपना बुन्ने छन्। थाहा भएकै कुरा हो कि SLC मा धेरै नम्बर ल्याउने साइन्स पढ्न खोज्छन/जान्छन भने अरु मानविकी, वाणिज्य, आदि। +२/ISc मा नम्बर ल्याउने चैँ प्राय डाक्टर बन्ने सपना बुन्दै इन्ट्रान्स प्रिपेरेसन इन्स्टिच्यूटमा भर्ना हुन्छन। जायज हो, हरेक युवाको सपना हुन्छ पढ्ने, केही गर्ने, दाम कमाउने। हाम्रो समाजमा हरेक युवाको सपना देखाउन, मलजल गर्न, त कहिलेकाहिँ फाँडेर आफ्नो लगाउन परिवारको ठुलो भूमिका रहन्छ। SLC र ISc मा देख्ने, देखिने भविष्यका सपना र कल्पनाहरू पनि प्राय: परिवारबाटै जरा गाडिएर आएका हुन्छन।

नेपालीमा टाइप गर्न लास्टै गाह्रो हुने रैछ। त्यसैले के भूमिका बाँधिरहनु, सिधै मुख फोरेर भन्छु किन तपाईँको (वा तपाईँको छोरा, छोरी, भतिजो, भतिजी, भान्जा, भान्जी, अनि जैसी बाउनको जस्तो नाताले भ्याउने सबै नातेदारहरु र तिनका छोरा, छोरी, भतिजो,…) MBBS अथवा Engineering/Popular Science पढ्ने निर्णयले तपाईँको बौद्धिकताको परिचय दिँदैन भनेर। यो लेखको लागि Popular Science अन्तर्गत Engineering बाहेकका Computer Science, IT, BSc (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc), जस्ता विषयहरू मानौँ।

सोच्नुस् SLC मा डिस्टिङसन कटाउने, +२/ISc मा राम्रो अंक ल्याएर पास गर्ने कति होलान? केहि हजार?? यीमध्ये अधिकांशको रहर MBBS गर्ने हुन्छ… नपत्याए देशका प्रमुख शहरहरु, विशेषगरी काठमाडौंमा खुलेका इन्ट्रान्स इन्स्टिच्यूटको संख्या हेर्नुस्। देशभरिबाट विद्यार्थीहरू शहर छिर्छन, यिनै इन्स्टिच्यूटमा पढ्न। पैसा हुने त यहाँ पनि नपढी सिधै KMC, NMC, भरतपुर, मणिपाल छिर्छन डाक्टरी पढ्न (भलै जाँच दिएरै किन नहोस्)। अचेल त पैसा हुने, तर राम्रो नम्बर नहुनेहरू चीन, बाङ्लादेश, मलेसिया जाने क्रम व्यापक बढेको छ। यसो गर्नेमा मेरै कतिपय साथीहरु पर्दछन। मेडिकल काउन्सिलको जाँच पास गर्न नसकेर कोहि सोर्सफोर्समा ‘internship’ गर्दैछन काठमाडौंका अस्पातलहरुमा, कोहि फेरि विदेश गैसके, थप पढ्नलाई। MBBS पढ्न नसकेकाहरु, पहिला MBBS ट्राइ गरेर थाकेका, अथवा engineering/popular science नै पढ्छु भन्नेहरु (निकै कम संख्या) engineering/popular science मा भर्ना हुन्छन। अझ विदेशिनेको त कुरा भएकै छैन – कम्ती हुन्छन र +२/ISc सकेर विदेश जाने? विदेशमा जे पढे पनि यीमध्ये प्राय फर्केर आउने छैनन् भन्ने मलाई लाग्छ। (विदेशिनेको यो भीडमा म पनि पर्छु; ‘गफ दिन्छस्… तँ पनि त विदेशमै छस्, नेपाल आउँदैनस्’ भन्नुहोला तर म फर्केर आउने पक्का हो… आफनो घर नआई कहाँ जानु? त्यसमाथि विदेश पुगिसक्यो मलाई…. यो बारेमा थप पछि कुनै दिन लेखौँला।) भन्न खोजेको के भने धेरै मान्छेहरु साइन्स भनेर मेरिमेट्छन, अरू विषय त्यति पढ्दैनन्। परिणामस्वरूप सामाजिक, बौद्धिक समस्या आइपर्छन देशमा।

साइन्स पढेर देशमा समस्या कसरी आउँछ भन्नुहोला… झन राम्रै हुनुपर्ने गाह्रो विषय धेरैले पढेपछि। उसमाथि मानविकी, गणित, वाणिज्य, भौतिकशास्त्र, रसायन, पत्रकारिता, आदि-इत्यादि जस्ता ‘सामाजिक’ विषयहरु पढ्ने पनि त टन्नै छन भन्नुहोला। तर्क ठीक हो, तर यी महत्वपूर्ण विषय पढ्नेहरुको credential हेर्नुस्: SLC मा, +२/ISc मा ठीकै-थोरै नम्बर ल्याउने मान्छेहरुले बढी पढ्छन यी संकायहरु। नम्बर थोरै ल्याउनेलाई हेपिस भन्नुहोला, तर मेरो त्यो अभिप्राय हुँदै होइन। यो परिपाटीले समाज र देशलाई कति क्षति पुर्‍याउँछ भन्न मात्र खोजेको मैले। उदाहरण – देशको हालत सम्झनुस्। हाम्रो देश चलाउने नेताहरुमध्ये कतिले स्नातकोत्तर (Masters level) गरेका होलान? हाम्रो घर वरिपरिका अधिकांश सरकारी स्कूलहरुको अवस्था हेर्नुस् – यहाँ किन धेरै विद्यार्थी फेल हुन्छन बोर्डिङको तुलनामा? किन पढाइको गुणस्तर कम छ यहाँ? कृषि क्षेत्रको हालत त्यस्तै छ – १० बर्षअघिसम्म धेरै कृषिजन्य वस्तु निर्यात गर्ने हामी अहिले धान, गहुँको आयात गर्ने भएका छौँ। किन?  परराष्ट्रिय मामिलामा हेर्नुस्: हरेक जसो सन्धि-सम्झौताहरुमा हाम्रो हात किन तल पर्छ? धेरै टाढा जानै पर्दैन, भारतसँगको सम्बन्ध हेरे पुग्छ। रातबिरात पिलर सारेको कुरा त परको भयो, यहाँ ‘हाम्रो क्षेत्र डुबानमा पर्ने गरी ज्यानमारा बाँध बाँध्न पाइँदैन’ भन्ने हुती पनि छैन सरकारी तहका मान्छेहरुसँग। किन होला?

मेरो देखाइ, बुझाइमा यी सबैको उत्तर एकै छ: इमानदार, निर्भय, देशप्रेमी कर्मचारीहरू पर्याप्त मात्रामा नहुनाले। यस्ता कर्मचारीहरू कर्मचारी हुनुअघि पक्कै मेधावी, लगनशील, र चतुर विद्यार्थी हुनुपर्छ भन्ने मेरो आशावादी सोच छ। तर यस्ता विद्यार्थीहरूले उल्लिखित सामाजिक विषय/संकायहरु कमै पढ्नाले आउँछन् माथिल्लो अनुच्छेदमा उल्लेख भएका समस्याहरू। कुनै शंका छैन कि देशलाई डाक्टर चाहिन्छन, इन्जिनियर चाहिन्छन, कम्प्यूटर साइन्टिष्ट पनि चाहिन्छन। तर समाज र देशको सर्वाङगीण विकासका लागि उत्तिकै तेज दिमाग भएका कृषिविद् पनि त चाहिन्छन, अर्थविद पनि त चाहिन्छन, भूगर्वविद पनि त चाहिन्छन, बातावरणविद पनि त चाहिन्छन, भाषाविज्ञ पनि त चाहिन्छन, र अरू पनि। होइन र? जरूर डाक्टरीमा पैसा छ, शान छ, तर देशलाई जति आवश्यकता मान्छेको डाक्टरहरूको छ, उति नै आवश्यकता बोटविरुवाको डाक्टरहरूको पनि छ; उति नै खाँचो ‘ओइ मुजी, हेप्छस’ भनेर द्विपक्षीय वाणिज्य, जलस्रोत सन्धिमा तर्क गर्न सक्ने काबिल चतुर कूटनितिज्ञहरूको पनि छ; गाउँ-गाउँ गएर उचित शिक्षा दिन सक्ने शिक्षकहरूको खाँचो छ; अहिलेका भ्रष्ट, पतीत नेता भन्दा योग्य, इमान्दार पथप्रदर्शकहरूको खाँचो छ। महिला होस या पुरुष, हामीलाई विविध क्षेत्रमा निपुण निडर, ज्ञानी, असल मान्छेहरुको खाँचो छ। सबैजना डाक्टर, इन्जिनियर भएमा यो सम्भव छैन। डाक्टर, इन्जिनियर हुन नसक्नेमध्ये धेरैले popular science पढेमा पनि यो सम्भव छैन। वर्षेनी MBBS, engineering/popular science पढ्न चाहनेहरूमध्ये केहि सयले मात्र अरू विषय पढिदिए कति जाती हुन्थ्यो होला देश १०-१५ वर्षपछि, सोच्नुस् त एकपटक!

समग्रमा भन्दा, तपाईँ के पढ्न चाहनुहुन्छ त्यो तपाईँको आफ्नो निर्णय हो। तर ‘अरुले यो पढेका छन, म नि त्यै गर्ने हो’ वा ‘घरमा के भन्लान’ भनेर नसोच्नुहोला। अरुले के गर्दैछन हेर्नुपर्छ, परिवारको कुरा पनि सुन्नुपर्छ, तर जिन्दगी तपाईँको हो, भविष्य तपाईँको हो। परिवारको लहैलहैमा लागेको भए म MBBS छोडेर कृषि पढ्दै गरेको हुन्थिनँ होला; मेरो स्कूले साथीले english मेजर लिन्थेन होला; मेरो ISc को मिल्ने साथीले mechanical engineering छोडेर media पढ्थेन होला… समाजमा उदाहरण नभएका होइनन, तर बढाउनुपर्‍यो। म र मेरा साथीहरु कुनै धनाढ्य परिवारका सदस्य होइनौँ। घरबाट टन्नै सास्ती खेप्नुपर्‍यो अर्कै विषय पढ्छु भन्दा। तर आफूलाई मन परेको विषय पढ्दा एक त मनमा शान्ति मिल्ने रहेछ; अनि आफ्नो क्षेत्रबाट समाजलाई के गर्न सकिन्छ भनेर बढी विचारहरु फुर्ने रहेछन। अनि राम्रो काम, नयाँ कामको सुरुआत हामीबाटै हुने हो। हाम्रा छोराछोरीले गर्लान भनेर बसियो भने धेरै ढिला हुनेछ। देश हाम्रो पुस्ताले बनाउनुपर्छ, त्यसैले जागरुक हुनुस्, MBBS, engineering/popular science बाहेक अरु बिषय पढ्नेबारे पनि सोच्नुस् एकपटक।

अन्तिममा: नम्बर काम ल्याउनेलाई हियाउन खोजेको हुँदै होइन। म नम्बरले व्यक्तिको पूर्ण परिचय दिन सक्दैन भन्ने सोचाइ बोकेको मान्छे। पढ्नु सबैलाई आवश्यक छ। हाम्रो देशमा पढेपछि ‘कति पढ्यो कस्तो पढ्यो’ भनेर जाँच्ने परीक्षाहरू निष्पक्ष र विद्यार्थी अनुकूल छैनन् भन्ने म ठान्छु। परीक्षाहरू जस्तै भए नि परीक्षामा कम नम्बर ल्याउनेको मन बरु धेरै ल्याउने भन्दा धेरै जाती भएको आफ्नै व्यक्तिगत अनुभवबाट सिकेको पनि छु मैले। वास्तवमा यो लेख धेरै नम्बर ल्याएर धेरै पढ्ने जस्ता देखिने तर आँखा चिम्लेर MBBS र engineering/popular science को पछि लाग्नेहरु तर्फ लक्षित छ।

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3 thoughts on “MBBS, Engineering/Popular Science मात्र नपढौँ

  1. Your post took me back to my MBBS entrance preparation years. I lost two whole years of my life trying to be a doctor thinking I wanted to be one, which I later realized was just a whim, a fad. I was fortunate that my parents never tried to push me into it. It was in fact me pushing myself harder because I thought I could not fail. I had always been a bright student, so here too I couldn’t fail. I later understood that failing is an important part of education and it is okay to fail.

    One reason why students don’t opt for technical field of studies other than medicine and engineering is due to lack of information. I was myself very ill-informed about the scope of Agriculture science. I knew that a subject like that exists (my dad had studied agriculture too) but my friends in Ktm were hardly aware abt it. Even today, when I tell my friends that I am studying agriculture science, they are like, ‘what kind of subject is that?’

    I am glad that you and your friends decided to go with your heart against societal/ familial pressure.

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  2. THiNK, first of all, I would personally like to thank you for choosing to read/do what you wanted to do. It does take a lot of courage and maturity. Kudos!! If up-and-coming youths were to realize the degree of liberty and peacefulness there is in doing so, we would probably be heading towards better days already.

    And what a great comment you have posted! I completely agree with everything you say. I honestly wish I could expound upon what you have written, but they are so beautifully written and expressed that I fear I will ruin their profoundness. But building off of what you’ve said, I wish every youth in our country had thoughts like yours. Maybe they already do, Maybe they, we are all waiting for this “cluster fucked society” to burst wide open so we, the youth, can rebuild it in a way we like, in the way it was supposed to be built, with sustainable and long-lasting character embedded into every area possible. If it doesn’t burst, perhaps we just need to bear some more and wait till the reigns fall in our hands… this might take more than a few years, but it sure will happen one day soon. I believe in our generation.. regardless of what we are studying and where we are residing, I think we have learnt from the mistakes made by the current generation. Not just learnt, we’ve been humiliated and embarrassed to such high levels that I believe, we will respond positively to the challenges that we will face. I think our generation will have that इख which will propel us towards development and peace. Maybe I am being too hopeful, maybe I too like to live in a utopia more than often. But somewhere deep down, I know we will change all this. Not just for us, but also for our kids so that they won’t have to be embarrassed and humiliated in front of the whole world like us.

    Again, thank you for reading my post. And thank you even more for posting such an insightful reply.

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  3. नेपाली टाईप गर्न साह्रै गाह्रो, अङ्ग्रेजीमै छोडेँ है मैले पनि मेरा बिचारहरु:

    I was very impressed by your in-dept description of why we need people who don’t just go for Natural Science, Medicine and Engineering blindly. I myself am someone who started undergraduate studies with Mathematics and then tried Computer Science and then tried Physics. I loved all three of the courses and would have gotten a degree in either of those considering the benefits brought along by those degrees after graduation, especially in the United States (STEM and all the 29 month “job-search” crap). However, I moved on to Philosophy. Yes, Philosophy. This came as a shock particularly to my friends in Nepal rather than my family. I was lucky enough to have been brought up in a family where my choice was not questioned, neither was my capacity to think independently. However, my friends, who were brought up in the environment where everyone had to be either engineer or doctor were extremely shocked. I’m not trying to criticize my friend. However, at the same time, I’m trying to make a point. I’m trying to ask one simple question to all those parents who hover over their kids like giant helicopters and try to make decisions for them. I’m trying to ask them how do they just give themselves the right to think for a 19/20/21/22 or any legal adult (or in case of deciding future even the ones who have just stepped unto their teenage) from the point of view of a 40+ year old? How do they just decide that a nineteen year old daughter of theirs will be happy with a life decision they are trying to make for her?

    Another question that boggles my mind time and again is the number of engineers and doctors that are produced in Nepal every year. There are so many (in my honest opinion, too many) medical colleges and engineering schools all over the country. However, it doesn’t seem like we will ever be satisfied by this big factory we are running to produce doctors and engineers. I, sort of, do know the reason why we are never satisfied. Most of the doctors and engineers just don’t stay in Nepal after their education is complete. Everyone is so damn interested in leaving the country and never coming back. I have nothing against people who want to leave because I just don’t care if I didn’t fund your education, directly or indirectly. However, I also believe in doing the right thing. And here, the bigger problem I see is the scholarship money wasted by the government on people who study medicine (or any other field) and then escape the country. Again, I’m not trying to say that everyone who studies with support from the government just flees. I’m just trying to point to the crowd that has escaped the country after finishing their studies funded by MY tax money, without serving me and the community. Every year more than fifty medicine scholarships are provided by the government to prospective students. Some of them study in Nepal and others study abroad to complete their degree. However, the condition behind getting that has been kept a minimal for a number of years now and has been implemented so loosely that there are a number of examples of people who just studied with the government’s money (MY money and your money) and never came back. What I feel like the policy makers need to do at this moment is to make it mandatory for a student who gets a scholarship through the government to serve the nation in their respective field for a certain number of years and not just two years for a student who got a two million rupees worth of scholarship. Make it so that if I enroll in a medical college with the public’s money (a.k.a government funded scholarship), I must serve the nation until a fresh new batch of doctors is not ready to take the charge behind me. By that I don’t mean enroll in a medical college in the year 2005 and finish your education and internship within , say, the next six years i.e. in the year 2011 and work for a year or two and leave. No. It shouldn’t work like that. Work for as long as it took you to go through the college with the public’s money. And guess what, we are not making you work for free anyways. You are getting paid. First you were awarded a scholarship because of MY tax money and then you were given a job and then paid using MY tax money. So, there’s no reason to make a big fuss about lagging behind without getting your MD right away. If you have that big of a hurry to get an MD, please pay for your education by yourself. I think if we follow this pattern in every field, it creates a sustainable cycle. There will always be an abundant number of professionals working in their respective field and there will always be more enthusiastic specialists being created because this process will ultimately end of filtering the crowd that wants to get a Natural Science related degree, including but not limited to Medicine and Engineering just for the sake of it.

    I would like to focus more on the word enthusiasm. Right now, as you mentioned, it seems as if most of the people who choose a field of study aren’t enthusiastic about it. They decided to go with it mostly because of their family and because someone else did so (what I frequently call नेपाली काईदा). However, once such a system is put into implementation, that bright crowd we look for right now without working even a bit (or the ministry looks for) (I could write a book on how we ‘select’ “bright students” but I’ll just limit myself by saying our system of selecting the “best and bright” students is seriously fucked) and end up getting a mix of enthusiastically interested students and people who just want to work as money making machines in the future. However, the implementation of the system discussed above will result in colleges filled up with young, enthusiastic men and women who wouldn’t be studying their particular course if they were not genuinely interested in it. Now, that will create competition. That will create love towards the nation and that will create an intense love towards one’s job because they will realize that there is a good enough crowd behind them to replace them in case they don’t perform their duties properly. The competition we popularize currently is mere race to get more points in exam. Ultimately, what I see such a situation doing is, people realizing the fact that not everyone needs to focus in one particular field of study. This will definitely help us create a system where people are not just interested in being doctors or engineers. But they want to study Agriculture, they want to be modern day farmers, they want to be investors, they want to do whatever they have always wanted to do. And again, because of all these enthusiastic people leading the society, we will always see better performance from them and obtain a better output as a final result in the society. This will remove the feeling from people’s mind that if you want to study something easy, you should go to an arts or commerce college. Guess what, nothing is easy! You need to work for everything! An arts degree is not just going to land in your hands. Its about passion and following your passion a manner so that you can make your life better and more intellectually stimulating. This will help direct our society towards a whole different road than it is traveling on right now. I really hope, someday, we will be able to make this change and make ourselves known to the world because of our intellectual growth rather than Everest that can melt and Lumbini that has already been copied by our neighbor.

    There are so many more things I have to say about us and our perception of education and how we underestimate everyone except for a doctor or an engineer. And how we are a cluster fucked society. However, I’ll do this some other day if a related topic comes up. My final word is, we need to shape up our society in a manner that people wouldn’t think money is everything. That will solve a lot of problems. But again, all of these are my personal views and I love dreaming in an Utopian manner.

    *Forgive me if I made any grammatical error. The word length got way out of control once I started commenting.

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याँ मुन्तिर कमेन्ट ठोक्नुस्

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